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Discover Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water


A pH of 7 is neutral. Acids have pH values less than 7 while alkaline bases have values greater than 7. Human biochemistry that involves enzymes performs optimally around a biologically weak alkaline pH of 7.4.  Normal pH of human arterial blood has a pH of 7.35 ~ 7.45, also a weak alkaline solution. By falling below a pH of 7.35, the blood is acidic, highly likely with disease.

Blood Color

Blood Color and Health

In 1931, Dr. Otto Heinrich Warburgg was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering that primary cause of cancer is the lack of oxygen in a cell. Acidity in body creates the lack of oxygen.

The following microscope pictures show the proven results after drinking Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water.

Blood sample before drinking our water:

Red blood cells are de-hydrated and clump together. They cannot carry oxygen you need.

Red blood cells are de-hydrated and clump together. They cannot carry oxygen you need.

Blood sample 30 minutes after drinking Water80 alkaline water:

Red blood cells become healthy. They are far apart, wrapped in a layer of oxygen and move freely in the entire body.

Red blood cells become healthy. They are far apart, wrapped in a layer of oxygen and move freely in the entire body.

"Water-related diseases responsible for 80 per cent of all illnesses, deaths in developing world."
- Kofi Annan, Secretary-General, United Nation, World Environment Day, 5 June 2003.

Evolution of Drinking Water

Evolution of drinking water has gone through three stages:

  1. Tap Water:
    • Contaminated, acidic, large water clusters

  2. Clean Filtered Water (Bottled Water and Reverse Osmosis Filters):
    • Clean, acidic, large water clusters, no minerals, environmental pollution caused by plastic bottles

  3. Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water:
    • Clean, alkaline, small water clusters, healthy minerals, environmentally friendly

What is Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water?

Our water purification system turns tap water into ionized microcluster alkaline water. It is the next generation water ionizer because it does not require plug-in or power, does not waste acidic water, is more affordable and more environmentally friendly. Unlike other electric water ionizers that produce unstable alkaline water which lasts for 24 hours, our system produces stable alkaline water which lasts for several months.

Not just clean:

tap water pipeUnderground tap water pipes are usually over 100 years old. This aged pipe system never gets replaced by the city. Like smoking, daily intake of tap water contaminants such as rust, chlorine and THMs can cause cancers and many chronic diseases in a long run. Water80 purification system retains healthy minerals such as calcium and zinc in water and removes harmful contaminants, e.g., chlorine, total trihalomethanes, rust, lead, heavy metals, bacterium and virus.

but also healthy:

Water is often considered as the best medicine. When you caught a cold, the most common advice from doctor is "drink more water". Testimonials show that our ionized microcluster alkaline water can help fight diabetes, constipation, high blood pressure, digestive distress, acid stomach, urea stones, arthritis, joint pain, kidney problem and many other diseases, and this is because our water has the following characteristics:

  • Small Hexagonal Water Clusters

ionized microcluster alkaline water filter systemRegardless what kind of nutrition or vitamin you take, it is water that carries them into cells. Water80 purification system breaks down water hydrogen that bond together into small water molecule clusters that are easily absorbed into the body's cells. Not only does that make the skin and cells better hydrated, but also more nutrients can get directly into the cells. As another benefit, wastes and toxins are more easily eliminated from the cells. The process of aging is a process of losing water in cells. As people get older, not only skin becomes drier, the body starts to lose water from inside too. Improved hydration makes you look and feel better from both inside and outside.

  • Alkaline and Proper pH Balanced

Tap water, bottled water, ordinary filtered water is all acidic. Most foods we eat are also acidic, for example, meat, cheese, egg, sweets, cooked grain, coffee, tea and milk. Over-acidification of the body is the single underlying cause of all disease. Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water helps you neutralize the acidic foods and maintain healthy acid-base balance.

  • Ionized

Our water is also ionized. It contains rich anions, negatively charged ions, such as chloride - a chemical the human body needs for metabolism and it also helps keep the body's acid-base balance.

More Details

Test onion growthIn just 3 days, the onion root in Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water grows much larger than the other one in bottled water or tap water. Human body has powerful self-healing ability. This amazing demonstration shows that our water is the water of life and it gives your body the perfect environment to heal itself faster.

It's a fact that 70% of human body is water. After 70% of the body is changed with our water, improvements of health is often beyond expectations.

Please click the EXPLORE button below to learn more details about the power of our healing water and how it helps you improve health and fight diseases.

Improving Health and Battling Chronic Diseases with Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water


Download and print 
tri-fold brochure

Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water is effective at helping reduce diabetes, constipation, high blood pressure, digestive distress, acid stomach, urea stones, arthritis, joint pain, blood disease, kidney problem and many other diseases. It's a fact that 70% of human body is water, and Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water helps your body heal itself and fight five major causes of all diseases:

  1. An acidic body environment
  2. Dehydration
  3. Wastes and toxins inside body
  4. Free radicals and oxidants
  5. Pollutants in tap water.

All known forms of life depend on water. Keeping drinking healthy ionized microcluster alkaline water has effect on your body which maybe seems miracle to you: such as removing constipation in 3 days and lowering blood sugar level in 2 weeks, but through this page, you will gain scientific understanding of important characteristics of our water and how it helps you achieve reverse aging and fight diseases:

1. Life vs. Death: pH Balanced Alkaline Water

A pH of 7 is neutral. Acids have pH values less than 7 while alkaline bases have values greater than 7. Human biochemistry that involves enzymes usually performs optimally around a biologically weak alkaline pH of 7.4.  Normal pH of human arterial blood has a pH of 7.35 ~ 7.45, also a weak alkaline solution. By falling below a pH of 7.35, the blood is acidic, highly likely with disease.

Blood Color and Health

Blood Color

A chronically over-acidic pH corrodes body tissue, slowly eating into the 60,000 miles of veins and arteries like acid eating into marble. Over-acidification of the body is the single underlying cause of all disease. In 1931, Dr. Otto Heinrich Warburgg was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering that primary cause of cancer is the lack of oxygen in a cell. Acidity in body creates the lack of oxygen.

The following microscope pictures show the proven results after drinking Water80 alkaline water.

Blood sample before drinking our water:

Red blood cells are de-hydrated and clump together. They cannot carry oxygen you need.

Red blood cells are de-hydrated and clump together. They cannot carry oxygen you need.

Blood sample 30 minutes after drinking Water80 alkaline water:

Red blood cells become healthy. They are far apart, wrapped in a layer of oxygen and move freely in the entire body.

Red blood cells become healthy. They are far apart, wrapped in a layer of oxygen and move freely in the entire body.

The truth is most of the food in our modern diet is too acidic and produces an imbalance in the form of acidity in the body, e.g., meat, egg, cooking oil, cooked grain, and sweets.

Coke Orange Juice Beer Coffee Tea Milk
pH 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.5

Most of the water we drink is acidic. Tap water in most cities, e.g., Vancouver, BC and Seattle, WA, is acidic and has a pH of 6.5 on average. Most bottled water, filtered water, mineral water, spring water and other beverages have a pH below 6.5. On the other hand, Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water is weak alkaline and has a pH around 8.0. Drinking weak alkaline water is effective at controlling over-acidic pH levels in body.

However, it does not mean more alkaline the water is, healthier the water is. According to Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality and United States National Primary Drinking Water Regulations, pH of healthy drinking water should not exceed 8.5. Over-alkaline liquid can damage and burn organic tissues just as over-acidic liquid does.

To test whether water is alkaline or acidic, add pH indicator reagent to the water and compare its color.

Tap water:
Chlorine = 3.0 mg/L
pH = 5.0~6.8 (acidic)
Bottled spring water or other kinds of purified water:
Chlorine = 0 mg/L
pH = 5.0 ~ 6.5(acidic)
Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water:
Chlorine = 0 mg/L
pH =8.0~8.5 (alkaline)

Acidic tap water, bottled spring water or other kinds of purified water

Acidic tap water, bottled spring water or other kinds of purified water

Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water

Detoxifies Cigarettes:

The following demonstration shows how Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water is able to detoxify your body. Take a bottle filled with a little ionized microcluster alkaline water.

Add pH test reagent, and it shows alkaline, which represents your healthy alkaline blood. Blow some cigarette smoke into the bottle, and you'll see the color becomes acidic, which shows the damage caused by cigarettes.

Detoxifies cigarettes

Add more ionized microcluster alkaline water into the bottle, and the color becomes alkaline again.

Detoxifies cigarettes

This demonstration shows that our water neutralizes acidic toxins of cigarettes, and it helps detoxify lung and blood and prevent damages caused by smoking.

2. Better Hydration for Nutrition Absorption and Detoxification

The wall that separates a cell from its surroundings - the membrane - is not an impermeable shell. It is pierced through by various sorts of channel. Hydration of water to the interior of the cell through the Aquaporin (protein water channel) can only go through one molecule at a time. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2003 was awarded to Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon for discoveries concerning water channels in cell membranes. Water80 filter system breaks down water hydrogen that bonds together into small water molecule clusters that are easily absorbed into the body's cells.

Large water clusters are resisted by the cell membrane.

Small Water Clusters are Easily Unclustered and Hydrated by Aquaporin on Cell Membrane

Small water clusters are easily hydrated through cell membrane.

Large Water Clusters are Resisted by the Cell Membrane

The following test shows the difference between large water clusters in ordinary water and small water clusters in our water. Take two onions of the same size and place them on glasses so that the roots are immersed in water. In just 3 days, the root in Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water grows much larger than the other one in bottled water or tap water. This is because the smaller water clusters have better hydration, bring more nutrients into cells and improve metabolism. This amazing demonstration shows that our water is the water of life and it helps your body fight diseases and heal itself faster.

Test onion growth

A baby's skin is tender and full of water. The skin gets drier when people get older. A human body gets old from a lack of water (literally dries up). Treat yourself with our water to look young from both inside and outside. The smaller size of water clusters gives water high solubility and good permeability. Therefore Water80  ionized microcluster alkaline water can be mixed with oil. As a result, it removes the waste which is harden in rectum and makes constipation of many years disappear. The only way to get permanent relief is to rid the body of toxic wastes.

Dissolves Fat and Helps Weight Loss:

The following experiment shows that why Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water can help you remove body fats and wastes that cause constipation.

Tap water, bottled spring water or other kinds of purified water is completely separated from the canola oil layer.

Other kinds of purified water completely separated from oil

Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water is mixed with canola oil forming a "creamy" layer.

Water80 Microclustered Functional Water mixed with oil

"...the core of each DNA double helix is a column of water clusters...Small hexagonal water clusters fit into and through the hexagonal channels in cell membranes and inside the cell, swiftly delivering their goods and removing wastes." (Source: Water as a Communicator - Institute of Heartmath Research Center).

"Proper hydration is critical for people with diabetes because water has to organized around insulin - for every one insulin molecule, you need 440 water molecules." (Source: CSI memorandum - 2004 - Better Hydration Needed for Diabetics).

"…a hexagonal water product was 13.4 times more effective at hydration than distilled water. The same study revealed a trend toward lower blood sugar levels in just four weeks. " (Source: Wang, Z.Y. et al. Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water and hydration. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition(2004) 13: S128."

3. Ionized Water for Antioxidant Protection and Removing Free Radicals

Free radicals are the source of virtually all disease, illnesses and even for aging itself.

Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water is ionized and is a powerful antioxidant. This is because our water contains an excess amount of "negative potentials". Our water contains rich anions, negatively charged ions, such as chloride - a chemical the human body needs for metabolism. Chloride also helps keep the body's acid-base balance.

4. Healthy Minerals

A certain amount of various minerals are essential for daily intake. Because a reverse osmosis (RO) system strips healthy minerals from water, people usually become sick from drinking reverse osmosis water after a few months. This is due to the lack of minerals.

Further more, RO water is very acidic and causes calcium and other essential minerals to be stripped from bones and teeth in order to neutralize its acidity.

On the other hand, the Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water filter system retains healthy minerals in water. Compared to tap water in Vancouver BC, calcium is increased from 1.22 mg/L to 2.6 mg/L, magnesium is increased from 0.15 mg/L to 1.0 mg/L, and zinc is increased from 0.005 mg/L to 0.5 mg/L.

5. Changes 70% of Your Body

It’s a fact that 70% of human body is water.

Water quality is directly related to human health. More than half of the water content of a human body remains in the cells, but does not remain there unmoved. On average, a healthy person needs 2 liters of water per day, and it takes approximately one week to renew the water in entire human body. After 70% of the body is changed with healthy water, improvements of chronic diseases have been achieved, even beyond expectations.

Our ionized microcluster alkaline water plays a significant part in weight loss and is great for dieters because it has no calories, sugar or protein, acts as an appetite suppressant, and helps the body metabolize stored fat. Drinking enough water helps alleviate fluid retention, relieve constipation and flush impurities form the body.

6. Cleaner Water: Removing Harmful Contaminations from Tap Water

Our tap water is dirty and full of pollutants. See the filters for yourself:

New PP cotton filter cartridge


The same PP cotton filter cartridge after being used for 3 months in Vancouver, BC


To the left, is a new PP cotton cartridge. To the right, is the same PP cotton cartridge taken from Water80 Ionized microcluster alkaline water filter system after just 3 month use in Vancouver, BC, Canada. Note the rust, dirt, cloudiness and other contaminations we caught. Would you want your family members to drink tap water like this?

Water as it comes out of the tap is basically undrinkable. Underground tap water pipes are usually over 100 years old in cities. With a foul taste and deleterious effects on the body, tap water contains:

  • chlorine: a cause of rectal cancer, colon cancer and bladder cancer
  • rust: a cause of liver cancer
  • chloramine: a toxic chemical compound
  • lead: a poisonous metal that can damage nervous connections and cause blood and brain disorders
  • bacteria
  • other contaminants

Boiling water can kill bacteria but it cannot remove chlorine, lead, rust and other pollutants. It is also a common knowledge that fish die from living in unfiltered tap water or boiled water within a few days due to chlorine and other contaminants. When people reach middle age, accumulation of the various pollutants from tap water in the body can help to cause many chronic diseases. Several researches with funding from Health Canada, including one conducted in 1998 in Ontario, have linked chlorine and its by-products, e.g., trihalomethanes (THMs), to increased risk of rectal cancer, colon cancer, and bladder cancer. For women: This chlorine content in our tap water is one of the reasons why more women in the last 5 years have breast cancer than they did 25 years ago.

Besides the PP cotton filtration, we also use active carbon filtration, KDF filtration, ultrafiltration and  ionized microcluster alkaline water filtration (patent pending) to remove chlorine, lead, volatile organic chemicals, total trihalomethanes, chloramines, parasites, cysts, alga and other contaminations that can not be seen by the naked eyes. The ALS Laboratory is approved by B.C. Provincial Health Office, for drinking water testing in Canada. The test conducted by ALS Laboratory shows that Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water is cleaner than bottled water such as DASANI from Coco-Cola.

7. Clinical Studies

DoctorThere are many clinical studies on ionized alkaline water because of its three important characteristics that are healthy to human body:

  • small water clusters
  • alkaline pH
  • antioxidant effect (ionized with low ORP - Oxidation-Reduction Potential)

Click this link for Scientific Researches and Clinical Studies about Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water.

8. Compare Other Drinking Water

Do you know bottled water costs more than the price of Water80 Microclustered Water Filtration System? Do you know that DASANI and Aquafina bottled water is filtered using reverse osmosis from tap water instead of spring water? Are you aware of that reverse osmosis water is very acidic and causes calcium to be stripped from bones and teeth? Click this link to learn more about different kinds of drinking water, e.g., boiled water, RO water, and ionized water.

First Time of Drinking Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water


Depending on your current health condition, you may taste and feel differently after drinking Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water for the first time:

Smooth and Sweet Taste

Ionized microcluster alkaline water tastes sweeter and smoother than ordinary filtered water. If you are healthy, you won't feel any difference other than the better taste.

Thirsty, Acne or Diarrhea Symptom

If you were in a sub-healthy state, you may feel even thirstier after drinking ionized microcluster alkaline water for the first time. Should you have a chronic disease such as constipation, diabetes, insomnia, high blood pressure or morning sickness, you may temporarily experience, if at all, frequent bowel movement or small symptoms of acne and diarrhea, but your feeling of wellness and energy is increased.

Salty or Fishy Taste

Some patients may even have different taste about ionized microcluster alkaline water. For instance, a patient with heart disease may taste the water salty; a patient with kidney problem or serious constipation may feel the water has the smell of fish. As the patient becomes healthy, he/she will feel the water taste sweet and smooth as an ordinary person does.

Dark and Odorous Waste

If you were addict to smoking or drugs, you may find your stool becomes darker and more odorous.

All of these symptoms are results of improved cellular hydration as well as waste and toxin discharging. These changes, if they occur, are because your body is cleansing itself with ionized microcluster alkaline water. These feelings will disappear after you keep drinking ionized microcluster alkaline water for another 3-5 days.

Testimonials of Alkaline Ionized Water


Regular consumption of Water80 ionized microcluster alkaline water has brought the following testimonials.

  • Weight loss is achieved.
  • Sugar levels are lowered and diabetes is improved within 3 weeks.
  • Constipation of many years has disappeared within 3 days.
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol are brought under control.
  • Digestive distress and acid stomach have improved.
  • Migraines have disappeared.
  • Ringing in the ear and dizziness have eased.
  • Blood circulation is improved.
  • Urea stones are dissolved.
  • Insomnia has disappeared and sleeping quality is improved.
  • Cancer patient's vomiting is corrected after 3 days of use.
  • Nausea is eliminated.
  • Feeling of wellness and energy is increased.
  • Chronic diarrhea has been corrected.
  • Arthritis and joint pains have minimized.

Lose Weight by Drinking Alkaline Water

Maintaining alkaline diets and drinking alkaline water is important for weight loss


Alkaline Water and Diabetes

Reduce blood sugar level and improve diabetes by drinking alkaline water


Benefits of Alkaline Ionized Water

Improve health by drinking alkaline ionized water.


The videos above are publicly shared on YouTube.

"For myself, I am most pleased in that my blood pressure is down. I had been on blood pressure medication having had levels of 160 over 110 as a high, then under medication as low as 140 over 100. As it happened I ran out of medication and just forgot it for about a month and a half. So I went to my doctor last week, changing nothing in my lifestyle except the Water80, and low and behold my pressure was down to 130 over 84, well within the normal range. I can only attribute the change to my drinking and using the Water80 product." - Doug Matheson, British Columbia, Canada

Benefits and Usages of Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water


For the best result, form a good habit of drinking a glass of microclustered alkaline water as the first thing in the morning with empty stomach and before breakfast, which cleans the waste and toxin accumulated inside body over night.

Bottle your own ionized microcluster alkaline water wherever you go. Do not ask for water in restaurants because restaurants serve you tap water in a glass.


Preliminary research indicates that drinking 8-10 glasses of water daily could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80% of sufferers. Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45%, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by 79%, and one is 50% less likely to develop bladder cancer.


Use microclustered functional water for baking breads, cooking dishes, rice, noodles, soup and etc. Food cooked with ionized microcluster alkaline water smells better and can be kept fresh longer. Noodles boiled with ionized microcluster alkaline water become tenderer and more elastic. Ingredients in soup materials are better separated out in ionized microcluster alkaline water which makes food more nutritious and better tasting.

Taking Medicine

Taking medicine with ionized microcluster alkaline water enables elements in medicine to be better extracted and carried with water though out body.

Making Beverages

Ionized microcluster alkaline water can be used for making beverages such as tea, coffee, wine and etc.

Washing Food

Washing food with ionized microcluster alkaline water can make pesticide, heavy metal elements and other contaminations be better rinsed off.

Brushing Teeth

Dentists love alkaline water because it protects your teeth.

Lab Test Report


Structure of Water

A water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

Hydrogen Bond

Water molecules are held together by hydrogen bonding which occurs when a hydrogen atom is shared between two water molecules, so that it may be considered to be acting as a bond between them.

Large Cluster

Water molecules surrounded by hydrogen bonds tend to clump together, forming clusters. Tap water has very large clusters (more than 10 molecules per cluster), so does filtered water, purified water and a majority of mineral water and spring water. Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water has large water clusters reduced from their original size into so called 'micro clusters' (5 to 8 molecules per cluster).

Micro Cluster

Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water contains much more micro clusters than those found in tap water, filtered water, purified water, bottled mineral water and bottled spring water. The smaller cluster size and increased number of micro clusters give the water excellent cellular hydrating property, high solubility, alkaline pH and good permeability. These properties make the water functional and effective at improving health especially chronic disease.

Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water

In the world's well-known longevity zones, microclustered spring water is naturally formed and plays a key factor in health and longevity. The half line width of 17O NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) curve of natural Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water is around 80Hz which indicates smaller size of water clusters. On the other hand, the half line width of 17O NMR curve of tap water, bottled water and other purified water is above 100Hz indicating large water clusters.


Natural microclustered spring water is protected from commercial development. However with our patent pending Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water Generator, tap water at your home can be turned into Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water with the same 80Hz half line width of 17O NMR curve as natural microclustered water. In addition, it becomes stable alkaline water with pH value around 8.0, the same pH value of healthy human blood. That's why we use Water80 as our company name.

ALS Laboratory is one of the largest, most geographically-diverse environmental testing companies in the world, and it is approved by B.C. Provincial Health Officer for drinking water testing in Canada. Below is ALS Laboratory's analysis on Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water comparing to Vancouver tap water. Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water is cleaner than bottled water. Its Total Dissolved Solids equals to 21 ppm, whereas (Total Dissolved Solids of Coca-Cola's DASANI bottled water is 35 ppm, and it meets and in some cases outperforms the criteria defined in Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality and United States National Primary Drinking Water Regulations:

  Before Filtration:
Vancouver Tap Water
After Filtration:
Water80 Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water
Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality
U.S. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations
Physical Tests
Hardness (as CaCO3) (mg/L)   < 7.0
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Colour, True (CU)   < 5.0
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 15
U.S. Standard: < 15
Conductivity (uS/cm)   31.1 N/A
pH 6.25 Acidic 8.05 Alkaline Canadian Standard: 6.5-8.5
U.S. Standard: 6.5-8.5
Total Dissolved Solids (mg/L, ppm) > 600 21 Canadian Standard: <=500
U.S. Standard: <=500
Turbidity (NTU) 0.8
> 1 during raining seasons
0.14 Canadian Standard: < 0.3
U.S. Standard: <0.3
Dissolved Anions
Alkalinity-Total (mg/L) 3.1 8.6  
* Alkalinity-Total (also called Total Alkalinity) is a measure of the pH-buffering capacity of water or the water's resistance to change in pH. Therefore, the alkaline pH of Water80's Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water is very stable.
Chloride (mg/L)   2.46 Canadian Standard: < 250
U.S. Standard: < 250
Fluoride (mg/L) <0.020 0.024 Canadian Standard: < 1.5
U.S. Standard: < 4.0
Metals Healthy to Human Body
Calcium (mg/L) 1.22 2.6 N/A
Magnesium (mg/L) 0.15 1.0 N/A
Zinc (mg/L) <0.0050 0.50 Canadian Standard: < 5.0
Calories 0 0 N/A
Fat (mg/L) 0 0 N/A
Protein (mg/L) 0 0 N/A
Sugar (mg/L) 0 0 N/A
Chlorine Test (Harmful to Human Body)
Chlorine Total (mg/L, ppm)   < 0.2
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: In preparation
U.S. Standard: < 4.0
Total trihalomethanes (THMs) (mg/L, ppm)   < 0.005
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.1
U.S. Standard: < 0.08
Bacteriological Tests (Harmful to Human Body)
Coliform Bacteria - Total (MPN/100mL)   < 1 Not detected.
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: Not detected
U.S. Standard: Not detected
E. coli (MPN/100mL)   < 1 Not detected.
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: Not detected
U.S. Standard: Not detected
Nutrients (Indicates Water Pollution Level, Harmful to Human Body)
Nitrate Nitrogen 0.0717 0.0321 Canadian Standard: < 45
U.S. Standard: < 10
Nitrite Nitrogen 0.0025 < 0.0010 Canadian Standard: < 3.2
U.S. Standard: < 1
Heavy Metals (Harmful to Human Body)
Antimony (mg/L) 0.20 < 0.005
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.006
U.S. Standard: <0.006
Arsenic (mg/L) 0.20 < 0.001
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.01
U.S. Standard: < 0.01
Cadmium (mg/L) 0.01 < 0.002
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.005
U.S. Standard: < 0.005
Lead (mg/L) 0.05 < 0.010
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.01
U.S. Standard: < 0.015
Mercury (mg/L)   < 0.00020
< sign means less than the minimum detection limit of lab equipment.
Canadian Standard: < 0.001
U.S. Standard: < 0.002
Click on the images below to view the original and complete report:

Scientific Researches and Clinical Studies about Ionized Microcluster Alkaline Water

There have been numerous studies in Japan and United States on the benefits of using Alkaline Water. Below are a few now available to the public.

1. Health Benefits of Alkaline Drinking Water

The following sources are from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) - A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health

2. Acid/Alkaline Theory of Disease

The following sources are from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) - A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health

3. Water Structure Research

The following sources are from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) - A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health

PMID: 12371874

How ions affect the structure of water.

Hribar B, Southall NT, Vlachy V, Dill KA. Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

We model ion solvation in water. We use the MB model of water, a simple two-dimensional statistical mechanical model in which waters are represented as Lennard-Jones disks having Gaussian hydrogen-bonding arms. We introduce a charge dipole into MB waters. We perform (NPT) Monte Carlo simulations to explore how water molecules are organized around ions and around nonpolar solutes in salt solutions. The model gives good qualitative agreement with experiments, including Jones-Dole viscosity B coefficients, Samoilov and Hirata ion hydration activation energies, ion solvation thermodynamics, and Setschenow coefficients for Hofmeister series ions, which describe the salt concentration dependence of the solubilities of hydrophobic solutes. The two main ideas captured here are (1) that charge densities govern the interactions of ions with water, and (2) that a balance of forces determines water structure: electrostatics (water's dipole interacting with ions) and hydrogen bonding (water interacting with neighboring waters). Small ions (kosmotropes) have high charge densities so they cause strong electrostatic ordering of nearby waters, breaking hydrogen bonds. In contrast, large ions (chaotropes) have low charge densities, and surrounding water molecules are largely hydrogen bonded.

4. Clinical Studies On The Effects of Electrolyzed-Reduced Water - Ionized Water

The following information is sourced from various peer reviewed literature as well as various Internet sites. This information is for educational purposes only and is not meant to cure or treat any disease or illness. Consult your doctor for specialized medical advice.

Ionzed water produced by a "water ionizer" has various names:

Research Terms
  • Electrolysis Reduced Water (ERW)
  • Electrolyzed Anode Water (EAW)
  • Alkaline or Acid Reduced Water
  • Electrolyzed Ionized Water
  • Alkaline Antioxidant Water
Marketing Terms
  • Ionized Water
  • Water Ionizer
  • Alkaline Antioxidant Water
  • Structured Water
  • Miracle Water/Kangen Water

Alkaline Electrolyzed Reduced Water Research

Inhibitory effect of electrolyzed reduced water on tumor angiogenesis

Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2008 Jan;31(1):19-26

Ye J, Li Y, Hamasaki T, Nakamichi N, Komatsu T, Kashiwagi T, Teruya K, Nishikawa R, Kawahara T, Osada K, Toh K, Abe M, Tian H, Kabayama S, Otsubo K, Morisawa S, Katakura Y, Shirahata S.

Graduate School of Systems Life Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key mediator of tumor angiogenesis. Tumor cells are exposed to higher oxidative stress compared to normal cells. Numerous reports have demonstrated that the intracellular redox (oxidation/reduction, ORP) state is closely associated with the pattern of VEGF expression. Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) produced near the cathode during the electrolysis of water scavenged intracellular H(2)O(2) and decreased the release of H(2)O(2) from a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line, A549, and down-regulated both VEGF transcription and protein secretion in a time-dependent manner. To investigate the signal transduction pathway involved in regulating VEGF expression, mitogen-activated kinase (MAPK) specific inhibitors, SB203580 (p38 MAPK inhibitor), PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor) and JNKi (c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase inhibitor) were applied. The results showed that only PD98059 blocks VEGF expression, suggesting an important role for ERK1/2 in regulating VEGF expression in A549 cells. As well, ERW inhibited the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in a time-dependent manner. Co-culture experiments to analyze in vitro tubule formation assay revealed that A549 cell-derived conditioned medium significantly stimulated the formation of vascular tubules in all analyzed parameters; tubule total area, tubule junction, number of tubules, and total tubule length. ERW counteracted the effect of A549 cell-conditioned medium and decreased total tube length (p<0.01). The present study demonstrated that ERW down-regulated VEGF gene transcription and protein secretion through inactivation of ERK.

Related Research:
Levels of Soluble Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Receptor 1 in Astrocytic Tumors and Its Relation to Malignancy, Vascularity, and VEGF-A

Preservative Effect of Electrolyzed Reduced Water on Pancreatic β-Cell Mass in Diabetic db/db Mice

Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 2007 Feb;30(2):234-6

Mi-Ja Kim1,2, Kyung Hee Jung,3 Yoon Kyung Uhm,3 Kang-Hyun Leem,4 and Hye Kyung Kim,5

1) Department of Obesity Management, Graduate School of Obesity Science, Dongduk Women's University
2) Imagine Obesity Institute, 117 Purynsol Mun Wa Gyun, Kyung Hee University
3) Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University
4) College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University
5) Department of Food and Biotechnology, Hanseo University

Oxidative stress is produced under diabetic conditions and involved in progression of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Both an increase in reactive oxygen free radical species (ROS) and a decrease in the antioxidant defense mechanism lead to the increase in oxidative stress in diabetes. Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) with ROS scavenging ability may have a potential effect on diabetic animals, a model for high oxidative stress. Therefore, the present study examined the possible anti-diabetic effect of ERW in genetically diabetic mouse strain C57BL/6J-db/db (db/db). ERW with ROS scavenging ability reduced the blood glucose concentration, increased blood insulin level, improved glucose tolerance and preserved β-cell mass in db/db mice. The present data suggest that ERW may protects β-cell damage and would be useful for antidiabetic agent.

Related Research:
Involvement of Oxidative Stress and the JNK Pathway in Glucose Toxicity


Anti Cancer Effect of Alkaline Reduced Water

By the Department of Parasitology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry, Wonju College of Medicine , Yonsei University Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science and Institute of Health Science, College of Health Science, Yonsei University .

Certain minerals can produce alkaline reduced water with high pH and low oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) when dissolved in water. Alkaline reduced water showed significant anticancer effect. When B16 melanoma cells were inoculated subcutaneous and intra-peritoneally, C56BL/6 mice fed with alkaline reduced water showed tumor growth delay and the survival span was significantly lengthened. Alkaline reduced water also showed the inhibition of metastasis by reducing the numbers of B16 melanoma colonies when injected through tail vein. The amount of reactive oxygen species  (ROS) was very reduced when fed with alkaline reduced water except for spleen, which is a major organ for immunity. Even for normal mice, alkaline reduced water intake invoked systemic cytokines, such as, Th1 (IFN- g, IL-12) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-5), suggesting strong immuno-modulation effect. Both ROS scavenging effect and immuno-modulation effect might be responsible for anticancer effect of alkaline reduced water. Continue reading the full study


Adequate fluid replacement helps maintain hydration and, promotes the health, safety, and optimal physical performance of individuals participating in regular physical activity.

Med Sci Sports Exercise
1996 Jan;28(1):i-vii.

American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement. Convertino VA, Armstrong LE, Coyle EF, Mack GW, Sawka MN, Senay LC Jr, Sherman WM.

It is the position of the American College of Sports Medicine that adequate fluid replacement helps maintain hydration and, therefore, promotes the health, safety, and optimal physical performance of individuals participating in regular physical activity. This position statement is based on a comprehensive review and interpretation of scientific literature concerning the influence of fluid replacement on exercise performance and the risk of thermal injury associated with dehydration and hyperthermia. Based on available evidence, the American College of Sports Medicine makes the following general recommendations on the amount and composition of fluid that should be ingested in preparation for, during, and after exercise or athletic competition: 1) It is recommended that individuals consume a nutritionally balanced diet and drink adequate fluids during the 24-hr period before an event, especially during the period that includes the meal prior to exercise, to promote proper hydration before exercise or competition. 2) It is recommended that individuals drink about 500 ml (about 17 ounces) of fluid about 2 h before exercise to promote adequate hydration and allow time for excretion of excess ingested water. 3) During exercise, athletes should start drinking early and at regular intervals in an attempt to consume fluids at a rate sufficient to replace all the water lost through sweating (i.e., body weight loss), or consume the maximal amount that can be tolerated. 4) It is recommended that ingested fluids be cooler than ambient temperature [between 15 degrees and 22 degrees C (59 degrees and 72 degrees F])] and flavored to enhance palatability and promote fluid replacement. Fluids should be readily available and served in containers that allow adequate volumes to be ingested with ease and with minimal interruption of exercise. 5) Addition of proper amounts of carbohydrates and/or electrolytes to a fluid replacement solution is recommended for exercise events of duration greater than 1 h since it does not significantly impair water delivery to the body and may enhance performance. During exercise lasting less than 1 h, there is little evidence of physiological or physical performance differences between consuming a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink and plain water. 6) During intense exercise lasting longer than 1 h, it is recommended that carbohydrates be ingested at a rate of 30-60 g.h(-1) to maintain oxidation of carbohydrates and delay fatigue. This rate of carbohydrate intake can be achieved without compromising fluid delivery by drinking 600-1200 ml.h(-1) of solutions containing 4%-8% carbohydrates (g.100 ml(-1)). The carbohydrates can be sugars (glucose or sucrose) or starch (e.g., maltodextrin). 7) Inclusion of sodium (0.5-0.7 g.1(-1) of water) in the rehydration solution ingested during exercise lasting longer than 1 h is recommended since it may be advantageous in enhancing palatability, promoting fluid retention, and possibly preventing hyponatremia in certain individuals who drink excessive quantities of fluid. There is little physiological basis for the presence of sodium in n oral rehydration solution for enhancing intestinal water absorption as long as sodium is sufficiently available from the previous meal.

Electrolyzed-reduced water scavenges active oxygen species and protects DNA from oxidative damage.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun.
1997 May 8;234(1):269-74.

Shirahata S, Kabayama S, Nakano M, Miura T, Kusumoto K, Gotoh M, Hayashi H, Otsubo K, Morisawa S, Katakura Y.

Institute of Cellular Regulation Technology, Graduate School of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. sirahata@grt.kyushu-u.ac.jp

Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water exhibits high pH, low dissolved oxygen (DO), extremely high dissolved molecular hydrogen (DH), and extremely negative redox potential (RP) values. Strongly electrolyzed-reduced water, as well as ascorbic acid, (+)-catechin and tannic acid, completely scavenged O.-2 produced by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase (HX-XOD) system in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0). The superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity of reduced water is stable at 4 degrees C for over a month and was not lost even after neutralization, repeated freezing and melting, deflation with sonication, vigorous mixing, boiling, repeated filtration, or closed autoclaving, but was lost by opened autoclaving or by closed autoclaving in the presence of tungsten trioxide which efficiently adsorbs active atomic hydrogen. Water bubbled with hydrogen gas exhibited low DO, extremely high DH and extremely low RP values, as does reduced water, but it has no SOD-like activity. These results suggest that the SOD-like activity of reduced water is not due to the dissolved molecular hydrogen but due to the dissolved atomic hydrogen (active hydrogen). Although SOD accumulated H2O2 when added to the HX-XOD system, reduced water decreased the amount of H2O2 produced by XOD. Reduced water, as well as catalase and ascorbic acid, could directly scavenge H2O2. Reduced water suppresses single-strand breakage of DNA b active oxygen species produced by the Cu(II)-catalyzed oxidation of ascorbic acid in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that reduced water can scavenge not only O2.- and H2O2, but also 1O2 and .OH.

PMID: 9169001 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Electrolyzed-reduced water protects against oxidative damage to DNA, RNA, and protein.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol.
2006 Nov;135(2):133-44.

Lee MY, Kim YK, Ryoo KK, Lee YB, Park EJ. Department of Genetic Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam 336-600, Korea.

The generation of reactive oxygen species is thought to cause extensive oxidative damage to various biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, and protein. In this study, the preventive, suppressive, and protective effects of in vitro supplementation with electrolyzed-reduced water on H2O2-induced DNA damage in human lymphocytes were examined using a comet assay. Pre-treatment, co-treatment, and post-treatment with electrolyzed-reduced water enhanced human lymphocyte resistance to the DNA strand breaks induced by H2O2 in vitro. Moreover, electrolyzed-reduced water was much more effective than diethylpyrocarbonate-treated water in preventing total RNA degradation at 4 and 25 degrees C. In addition, electrolyzed-reduced water completely prevented the oxidative cleavage of horseradish peroxidase, as determined using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. Enhancement of the antioxidant activity of ascorbic acid dissolved in electrolyzed-reduced water was about threefold that of ascorbic acid dissolved in nonelectrolyzed deionized water, as measured by a xanthine-xanthine oxidase superoxide scavenging assay system, suggesting an inhibitory effect of electrolyzedreduced water on the oxidation of ascorbic acid.

PMID: 17159237 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The mechanism of the enhanced antioxidant effects against superoxide anion radicals of reduced water produced by electrolysis.

Biophys Chem. 2004
Jan 1;107(1):71-82.

Hanaoka K, Sun D, Lawrence R, Kamitani Y, Fernandes G.

Bio-REDOX Laboratory Inc. 1187-4, Oaza-Ueda, Ueda-shi, Nagano-ken 386-0001, Japan. hanak@rapid.ocn.ne.jp

We reported that reduced water produced by electrolysis enhanced the antioxidant effects of proton donors such as ascorbic acid (AsA) in a previous paper. We also demonstrated that reduced water produced by electrolysis of 2 mM NaCl solutions did not show antioxidant effects by itself. We reasoned that the enhancement of antioxidant effects may be due to the increase of the ionic product of water as solvent. The ionic product of water (pKw) was estimated by measurements of pH and by a neutralization titration method. As an indicator of oxidative damage, Reactive Oxygen Species- (ROS) mediated DNA strand breaks were measured by the conversion of supercoiled phiX-174 RF I double-strand DNA to open and linear forms. Reduced water had a tendency to suppress single-strand breakage of DNA induced by reactive oxygen species produced by H2O2/Cu (II) and HQ/Cu (II) systems. The enhancement of superoxide anion radical dismutation activity can be explained by changes in the ionic product of water in the reduced water.

PMID: 14871602 [PubMed]

Use of Ionized water in hypochlorhydria or achlorhydria Prof. Kuninaka Hironage, Head of Kuninaka Hospital

"Too many fats in the diets, which lead to the deposition of cholesterol on the blood vessels, which in turn constrict the blood flow, cause most illnesses such as high blood pressure. In accordance with the theory of Professor Gato of Kyushu University on Vitamin K (because vitamin K enables the blood calcium to increase ), or the consumption of more antioxidant water, the effectiveness of the increase in the calcium in high blood pressure is most significant. The consumption of alkaline antioxidant water for a period of 2 to 3 months, I have observed the blood pressure slowly drop, due to the water's solvent ability, which dissolves the cholesterol in the blood vessels ."

Use of Ionized water for gynecological conditions Prof. Watanabe Ifao, Watanabe Hospital

"Ionized alklaine antioxidant water improves body constituents and ensures effective healing to many illnesses. The uses of antioxidant water in gynecological patients have proved to be very effective. The main reason for its effectiveness is that this water can neutralize toxins.

When given antioxidant water to pre-eclamptic toxemia cases, the results are most significant. During my long years of servicing the pre-eclamptic toxemia cases, I found that the women with pre-eclamptic toxemia who consumed antioxidant water tend to deliver healthier babies with stronger muscles. A survey report carried out on babies in this group showed intelligence above average."

Toxin Neutralization Prof. Kuwata Keijiroo, Doctor of Medicine

" In my opinion, the wonder of antioxidant water is the ability neutralizes toxins, but it is not a medicine. The difference is that the medicine can only apply to each and individual case, whereas the antioxidant water can be consumed generally and its neutralizing power is something which is very much unexpected. Now, in brief, let me introduce to you a heart disease case and how it was cured.

The patient was a 35 years old male suffering from vascular heart disease. For 5 years, his sickness deteriorated. He was in the Setagays Government Hospital for treatment.

During those 5 years, he had been in and out of the hospital 5 to 6 times. He had undergone high tech examinations such as angiogram by injecting VINYL via the vein into the heart. He consulted and sought treatment from many good doctors where later he underwent a major surgical operation. Upon his discharge from the hospital, he quit his job to convalesce. However, each time when his illness relapsed, the attack seemed to be even more severe.

Last year, in August, his relatives were in despair and expected he would not live much longer. It so happened at that time that the victim's relative came across antioxidant water processor. His illness responded well and he is now on the road to recovery."

(In the United States, cardiovascular diseases account for more than one-half of the approximate 2 million deaths occurring each year…. It is estimated that optimal conditioning of drinking water could reduce this cardiovascular disease mortality rate by as much as 15 percent in the United States) - Report of the Safe Drinking Water Committee of the National Academy of Sciences, 1977

Eczema Prof. Tamura Tatsuji, Keifuku Rehabilitation Center

"Eczema is used to describe several varieties of skin conditions, which have a number of common features. The exact cause or causes of eczema are not fully understood. I many cases, eczema can be attributed by external irritants.

Let me introduce a patient who recovered from skin disease after consuming the antioxidant water. This patient suffered 10 years of eczema and could not be cured effectively even under specialist treatment. This patient, who is 70 years of age, is the president of a vehicle spare parts company. After the war, his lower limbs suffered acute eczema, which later became chronic. He was repeatedly treated in a specialist skin hospital.

The left limb responded well to treatment, but not so on the right limb. He suffered severe itchiness, which, when scratched led to bleeding. During the last 10 years, he was seen and treated by many doctors. When I first examined him, his lower limb around the joints was covered with vesicles. Weeping occurred owing to serum exuding from the vesicles.

I advised him to try consuming antioxidant water. He bought a unit and consumed the antioxidant water religiously and used the acidic water to bathe the affected areas. After 2 weeks of treatment the vesicles dried up. The eczema was completely cleared without any relapse after 1½ month."

 Allergies Prof. Kuninaka Hironaga, Head of Kuninaka Hospital

"Mr. Yamada, the head of Police Research Institute, suffered from severe allergy. He was treated repeatedly by skin specialist, but with no success. Then he started consuming antioxidant water. The allergy responded very well and was soon completely cured. No relapse had occurred, although he had taken all kinds of food. He was most grateful and excited about this treatment.

As for myself, I had also suffered severe allergy. Ever since I began to consume antioxidant water, the allergy has recovered. Since then, I started a research on the effectiveness of antioxidant water.

I discovered that most allergies are due to acidification of body condition and is also related to consuming too much meat and sugar. In every allergy case, the patient's antioxidant minerals are excessively low which in turn lower the body resistance significantly. The body becomes overly sensitive and develops allergy easily. To stabilize the sensitivity, calcium solution in injected into the vein. Therefore, it is clear that the antioxidant water has ionic calcium, which can help alleviate allergy.

The ionic calcium not only enhances the heart, urination, and neutralization of toxins but controls acidity. It also enhances the digestive system and liver function. This will promote natural healing power and hence increase its resistance to allergy. In some special cases of illness, which do not respond to drugs, it is found, it is found to respond well to antioxidant water."

Digestive Problems

Prof. Kogure Keizou, Kogure Clinic of Juntendo Hospital

"The stomach is readily upset both by diseases affecting the stomach and by other general illnesses. In addition, any nervous tension or anxiety frequently causes gastric upset, vague symptoms when This information is under some strain.

The important role of antioxidant water in our stomach is to neutralize the secretion and strengthen it s functions. Usually, after consuming the antioxidant water for 1 to 3 minutes, the gastric juice increase to 1½ times. For those suffering from hypochlorhydria or achlorhydria ( low in gastric juice ) the presence of antioxidant water will stimulate the stomach cells to secrete more gastric juice. This in turn enhances digestion and absorption of minerals.

However, on the other hand, those with hyperchlorhydria ( high in gastric juice ), the antioxidant water neutralizes the excessive gastric juice. Hence, it does not create any adverse reaction.

According to the medical lecturer from Maeba University, the pH of the gastric secretion will still remain normal when antioxidant water is consumed. This proves that the ability of the antioxidant water is able to neutralize as well as to stimulate the secretion."


Prof. Kuwata Keijiroo, Doctor of Medicine

"When I was serving in the Fire Insurance Association, I used to examine many diabetic patients. Besides treating them with drugs, I provided them with antioxidant water. After drinking antioxidant water for one month, 15 diabetic patients were selected and sent to Tokyo University for further test and observations.

Initially, the more serious patients were a bit apprehensive about the treatment. When the antioxidant water was consumed for some time, the sugar in the blood and urine ranged from a ratio of 300 mg/l to 2 mg / dc. There was a time where the patient had undergone 5 to 6 blood tests a day and detected to be within normal range. Results also showed that even 1 ½ hour after meals, the blood sugar and urine ratio was 100 mg/dc: 0 mg/dc . The sugar in the urine has completely disappeared."

More Americans than ever before are suffering from diabetes, with the number of new cases averaging almost 800,000 each year. The disease has steadily increased in the United States since 1980, and in 1998, 16 million Americans were diagnosed with diabetes (10.3 million diagnosed; 5.4 million undiagnosed). Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, and more than 193,000 died from the disease and its related complication in 1996. The greatest increase - 76 percent - occurred in people age 30 to 30. ….
From: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, October 13, 2000 Fact Sheet.

Use of Ionized water in treating Acidosis

Prof. Hatori Tasutaroo, Head of Akajiuiji Blood Centre, Yokohama Hospital, Faitama District

"Due to a higher standard of living, our eating habits have changed. We consume too much proteins, fats and sugar. The excess fats and carbohydrates are in the body as fats. In the present lifestyles, Americans are more extravagant on food compared to the Japanese. Due to this excessive intake obesity is a significant problem. Normally, one out of five males and one out of four females is obese.

The degree of "burn-out" in food intake largely depends on the amount on intake of vitamins and minerals. When excessive intake of proteins, carbohydrates and fats occurs, the requirement for vitamins and minerals increases. However, there is not much research carried out pertaining to the importance of vitamins and minerals.

Nowadays, many people suffer from acidification that leads to diabetes, heart diseases, cancer, live and kidney diseases. If our food intake can be completely burned off, then there is no deposition of fats. Obviously, there will be no acidification problem and hence there should not be any sign of obesity.

The antioxidant water contains an abundance of ionic calcium. This ionic calcium helps in the "burn-off" process. By drinking antioxidant water, it provides sufficient minerals for our body. As a result, we do not need to watch our diet to stay slim.

Hence, antioxidant water is a savior for those suffering from obesity and many adult diseases, providing good assistance in enhancing good health."

This information is sourced from various peer reviewed literature as well as various Internet sites. This information is for educational purposes only and is not ment to cure or treat any disease or illness. Consult your doctor for specialized medical advice.

Reduced Water For Prevention of Disease

Dr.Sanetaka Shirahata
Graduate school of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University,

6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.

It has long been established that reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause many typesof damage to biomolecules and cellular structures, that, in turn result in the development of a variety of pathologic states such as diabetes, cancer and aging. Reduced water is defined as anti-oxidative water produced by reduction of water. Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) has been demonstrated to be hydrogen-rich water and can scavenge ROS in vitro (Shirahata et al., 1997). The reduction of proton in water to active hydrogen (atomic hydrogen, hydrogen radical) that can scavenge ROS is very easily caused by a weak current, compared to oxidation of hydroxyl ion to oxygen molecule. Activation of water by magnetic field, collision, minerals etc. will also produce reduced water containing active hydrogen and/or hydrogen molecule. Several natural waters such as Hita Tenryosui water drawn from deep underground in Hita city in Japan, Nordenau water in Germany and Tlacote water in Mexico are known to alleviate various diseases. We have developed a sensitive method by which we can detect active hydrogen existing in reduced water, and have demonstrated that not only ERW but also natural reduced waters described above contain active hydrogen and scavenge ROS in cultured cells. ROS is known to cause reduction of glucose uptake by inhibiting the insulin-signaling pathway in cultured cells. Reduced water scavenged intracellular ROS and stimulated glucose uptake in the presence or absence of insulin in both rat L6 skeletal muscle cells and mouse 3T3/L1 adipocytes. This insulin-like activity of reduced water was inhibited by wortmannin that is specific inhibitor of PI-3 kinase, a key molecule in insulin signaling pathways. Reduced water protected insulin-responsive cells from sugar toxicity and improved the damaged sugar tolerance of type 2 diabetes model mice, suggesting that reduced water may improve insulin-independent diabetes mellitus. Cancer cells are generally exposed to high oxidative stress. Reduced water cause impaired tumor phenotypes of human cancer cells, such as reduced growth rate, morphological changes, reduced colony formation ability in soft agar, passage number-dependent telomere shortening, reduced binding abilities of telomere binding proteins and suppressed metastasis. Reduced water suppressed the growth of cancer cells transplanted into mice, demonstrating their anti-cancer effects in vivo. Reduced water will be applicable to not only medicine but also food industries, agriculture, and manufacturing industries.

Shirahata, S. et al.: Electrolyzed reduced water scavenges active oxygen species and protects DNA from oxidative damage. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 234, 269174, 1997.

Clinical Impovements Obtained From The Intake Of Reduced Water

Extracts from " Presentation At The Eight Annual International Symposium On man And His Environment in Health And Disease" on February 24th 1990, at The Grand Kempinski Hotel, Dalls, Texas, USA by Dr. H. Hayashi, M.D. and Dr. M Kawamura, M.D., on : -


Since the introduction of alkaline ionic water in our clinic in 1985, we have had the following interesting clinical experiences in the use of this type of water. By the use of alkaline ionic water for drinking and the preparation of meals for our in-patients, we have noticed :

  • Declines in blood sugar levels in diabetic patients.
  • Improvements in peripheral circulation in diabetic gangrene.
  • Declines in uric acid levels in patients with gout.
  • Improvements in liver function exams in hepatic disorders.
  • Improvements in gastroduodenal ulcer and prevention of their recurrences.
  • Improvements in hypertension and hypotension.
  • Improvements in allergic disorders such as asthma, urticaria, rhinites and atopic dermatitis.
  • Improvements in persistent diarrhoea which occurred after gastrectomy.
  • Quicker improvements in post operative bower paralysis.
  • Improvements in serum bilirubin levels in new born babies.

Being confirming clinical improvements, we have always observed changes of stools of the patients, with the colour of their feaces changing from black-brown colour to a brigher yellow-brown one, and the odour of their feaces becoming almost negligible.

The number of patients complaining of constipation also decreased markedly. The change of stool findings strongly suggests that alkaline ionic water intake can decrease the production of putrefield or pathogenic metabolites.

Devices to produce reduced water were introduced into our clinic in May 1985. Based on the clinical experiences obtained in the past 15 years, it can be said that introduction of electrolyzed-reduced water for drinking and cooking purpose for in-patients should be the very prerequisite in our daily medical practices. Any dietary recipe cannot be a scientific one if property of water is not taken by the patients is not taken into consideration.

The Ministry of Health and Welfare in Japan announced in 1965 that the intake of reduced water is effective for restoration of intestinal flora metabolism.


Clinical evaluation of alkaline ionized water for abdominal complaints: Placebo controlled double blind tests

by Hirokazu Tashiro, Tetsuji Hokudo, Hiromi Ono, Yoshihide Fujiyama, Tadao Baba (National Ohkura Hospital, Dept. of Gastroenterology; Institute of Clinical Research, Shiga University of Medical Science, Second Dept. of Internal Medicine)

Effect of alkaline ionized water on abdominal complaints was evaluated by placebo controlled double blind tests. Overall scores of improvement using alkaline ionized water marked higher than those of placebo controlled group, and its effect proved to be significantly higher especially in slight symptoms of chronic diarrhoea and abdominal complaints in cases of general malaise. Alkaline ionized water group did not get interrupted in the course of the test, nor did it show serious side effects nor abnormal test data. It was confirmed that alkaline ionized water is safer and more effective than placebos.


Effect of alkaline ionized water on abdominal complaints was clinically examined by double blind tests using clean water as placebo. Overall improvement rate was higher for alkaline ionized water group than placebo group and the former proved to be significantly more effective than the other especially in cases of slight symptoms. Examining improvement rate for each case of chronic diarrhoea, constipation and abdominal complaints, alkaline ionized water group turned out to be more effective than placebo group for chronic diarrhoea, and abdominal complaints. The test was stopped in one case of chronic diarrhoea, among placebo group due to exacerbation, whereas alkaline ionized water group did not stop testing without serious side effects or abnormal test data in all cases. It was confirmed that alkaline ionized water is more effective than clean water against chronic diarrhoea, abdominal complaints and overall improvement rate (relief of abdominal complaints) and safer than clean water.


Since the approval of alkaline ionized water electrolyzers by Pharmaceutical Affairs Law in 1966 for its antacid effect and efficacy against gastrointestinal disorders including hyperchylia, indigestion, abnormal gastrointestinal fermentation and chronic diarrhoea, they have been extensively used among patients. However, medical and scientific evaluation of their validity is not established. In our study, we examined clinical effect of alkaline ionized water on gastrointestinal disorders across many symptoms in various facilities. Particularly, we studied safety and usefulness of alkaline ionized water by doubleblind tests using clean water as a control group.

Test subjects and methods

163 patients (34 men, 129 women, age 21 to 72, average 38.6 years old) of indigestion, abnormal gastrointestinal fermentation (with abnormal gas emission and rugitus) and abdominal complaints caused by irregular dejection (chronic diarrhoea, or constipation) were tested as subjects with good informed consent. Placebo controlled double blind tests were conducted using alkaline ionized water and clean water at multiple facilities. An alkaline ionized water electrolyzer sold commercially was installed with a pump driven calcium dispenser in each of the subject homes. Tested alkaline ionized water had pH at 9.5 and calcium concentration at 30ppm. Each subject in placebo group used a water purifier that has the same appearance as the electrolyzer and produces clean water.

The tested equipment was randomly assigned by a controller who scaled off the key code which was stored safely until the tests were completed and the seal was opened again.

Water samples were given to each patient in the amount of 200ml in the morning with the total of 50OmI or more per day for a month. Before and after the tests, blood, urine and stool were tested and a log was kept on the subjective symptoms, bowel movements and accessory symptoms. After the tests, the results were analyzed based on the log and the test data.

Water Ionizer Test Results

1. Symptoms

Among 163 tested subjects, alkaline ionized water group included 84 and placebo group 79. Background factors such as gender, age and basal disorders did not contribute to significant difference in the results.

2. Overall improvement rate

As to overall improvement rate of abdominal complaints, alkaline ionized water group had 2 cases of outstanding improvement (2.5%), 26 cases of fair improvement (32.1%), 36 cases of slight improvement (44.4%), 13 cases of no change (16%) and 4 cases of exacerbation (4.9%), whereas placebo group exhibited 4 (5.2%), 19 (24.7%), 27 (35.1%), 25 (32.5%) and 2 cases (2.6%) for the same category. Comparison between alkaline ionized water and placebo groups did not reveal any significant difference at the level of 5% significance according to the Wilcoxon test, although alkaline ionized water group turned out to be significantly more effective than placebo group at the level of p value of 0.22.

Examining overall improvement rates by a 7, 2 test (with no adjustment for continuity) between the effective and noneffective groups, alkaline ionized water group had 64 (79%) of effective cases and 17 cases (21%) of non effective cases, whereas placebo group had 50 (64.9%) and 27 (35.1%) cases respectively. The result indicated that alkaline ionized water group was significantly more effective than placebo group at the level of p value of 0.0.48.

Looking only at 83 slight cases of abdominal complaints, overall improvement rate for alkaline ionized water group

(45 cases) was composed of 11 cases (242%) of fair improvement, 22 cases (48.9%) of slight improvement, 17 cases (44.7%) of no change and 3 cases (6.7%) of exacerbation, whereas placebo group (38 cases) had 3 (7.8%), 17 (44.7%), 17 (44.7%) and 1 (2.6%) cases for the same category. Alkaline ionized water group was significantly more effective than placebo group according to the comparison between the groups (p value = 0.033).

3. Improvement rate by basal symptom

Basal symptoms were divided into chronic diarrhea, constipation and abdominal complaints (dyspepsia) and overall improvement rate was evaluated for each of them to study effect of alkaline ionized water. In case of chronic diarrhoea, alkaline ionized water group resulted in 94.1% of effective cases and 5.9% of non effective cases. Placebo group came up with 64,7% effective and 35.3% non effective. These results indicate alkaline ionized water group proved to be significantly more effective than placebo group. In case of slighter chronic diarrhoea, comparison between groups revealed that alkaline ionized water group is significantly more effective than placebo group (p=0.015). In case of constipation, alkaline ionized water group consisted of 80.5% of effective and 19.5% of non effective cases, whereas placebo group resulted in 73.3% effective and 26.3 non effective. As to abdominal complaints (dyspepsia), alkaline ionized water group had 85.7% of effective and 14.3% non effective cases while placebo group showed 47.1% and 62.9% respectively. Alkaline ionized water group proved to be significantly more effective than placebo group (p=0.025).

4. Safety

Since one case of chronic diarrhoea, in placebo group saw exacerbation, the test was stopped. There was no such cases in alkaline ionized water group. Fourteen cases of accessory symptoms, 8 in alkaline ionized water group and 6 in placebo group, were observed, none of which were serious. 31 out of 163 cases (16 in alkaline ionized water group, 15 in placebo group) exhibited fluctuation in test data, although alkaline ionized water group did not have any problematic fluctuations compared to placebo group. Two cases in placebo group and one case in alkaline ionized water group have seen K value of serum climb up and resume to normal value after re testing which indicates the value changes were temporary.


As a result of double blind clinical tests of alkaline ionized water and clean water, alkaline ionized water was proved to be more effective than clean water against chronic diarrhoea, abdominal complaints (dyspepsia) and overall improvement rate (relief from abdominal complaints). Also, safety of alkaline ionized water was confirmed which clinically verifies its usefulness.

Physiological effects of alkaline ionized water: Effects on metabolites produced by intestinal fermentation

by Takashi Hayakawa, Chicko Tushiya, Hisanori Onoda, Hisayo Ohkouchi, Harul-~to Tsuge (Gifu University, Faculty of Engineering, Dept. of Food Science)

We have found that long-term ingestion of alkaline ionized water (alkaline ionized water) reduces cecal fermentation in rats that were given highly fermentable commercial diet (MF: Oriental Yeast Co., Ltd.). In this experiment, rats were fed MF and test water (tap water, alkaline ionized water with pH at 9 and 10) for about 3 months. Feces were collected on the 57th day, and the rats were dissected on the 88th day. The amount of ammonium in fresh feces and cecal contents as well as fecal free-glucose tended to drop down for the alkaline ionized water group. In most cases, the amount of free-amino acids in cecal contents did not differ sign- icantly except for cysteine (decreased in alkaline ionized water with pH at 10) and isoleucine (increased in alkaline ionized water with pH at 10).

Purpose of tests

Alkaline ionized water electrolyzers have been approved for manufacturing in 1965 by the Ministry of Health and Welfare as medical equipment to produce medical substances. Alkaline ionized water (alkaline ionized water) produced by this equipment is known to be effective against gastrointestinal fermentation, chronic diarrhea, indigestion and hyperchylia as well as for controlling gastric acid.*1 This is mainly based on efficacy of the official calcium hydroxide. *2 By giving alkaline ionized water to rats for a comparatively long time under the condition of extremely high level of intestinal fermentation, we have demonstrated that alkaline ionized water intake is effective for inhibition of intestinal fermentation when its level is high based on some test results where alkaline ionized water worked against cecal hypertrophy and for reduction in the amount of short-chain fatty acid that is the main product of fermentation.*3 We have reported that this is caused by the synergy between calcium level generally contained in alkaline ionized water (about 50ppm) and the value of pH, and that frequency of detecting some anaerobic bacteria tends to be higher in alkaline ionized water groups than the other, although the bacteria count in the intestine does not have significant difference. Based on these results, we made a judgment that effect of taking alkaline ionized water supports part of inhibition mechanism against abnormal intestinal fermentation, which is one of the claims of efficacy that have been attributed to alkaline ionized water electrolyzers. *4 On the other hand, under the dietary condition of low intestinal fermentation, alkaline ionized water uptake does not seem to inhibit fermentation that leads us to believe that effect of alkaline ionized water uptake is characteristic of hyper-fermentation state. Metabolites produced by intestinal fermentation include indole and skatole in addition to organic acids such as short-chain fatty acid and lactic acid as well as toxic metabolites such as ammonium, phenol and pcresol. We do not know how alkaline ionized water uptake would affect the production of these materials. In this experiment, we have tested on ammonium production as explained in the following sections.

Testing methods

Four-week-old male Wistar/ST Clean rats were purchased from Japan SLC Co., Ltd. and were divided into 3 groups of 8 each after preliminary breeding. alkaline ionized water of pH 9 and 10 was produced by an electrolyzer Mineone ROYAL NDX3 1 OH by Omco Co., Ltd. This model produces alkaline ionized water by electrolyzing water with calcium lactate added. On the last day of testing, the rats were dissected under Nembutal anesthesia to take blood from the heart by a heparin-treated syringe. As to their organs, the small intestines, cecum and colon plus rectum were taken out from each of them. The cecurn was weighed and cleaned with physiological saline after its contents were removed, and the tissue weight was measured after wiping out moisture. Part of cecal contents was measured its pH, and the rest was used to assay ammonium concentration. The amount of ammonium contained in fresh feces and cecal contents was measured by the Nessler method after collecting it in the extracted samples using Conway's micro-diffusion container. Fecal free-glucose was assayed by the oxygen method after extraction by hot water. Analysis of free amino acids contained in cecal contents was conducted by the Waters PicoTag amino acid analysis system.

Test results and analyses

No difference was found in the rats' weight gain, water and feed intake and feeding efficiency, nor was any particular distinction in appearance identified. The length of the small intestines and colon plus rectum tended to decline in alkaline ionized water groups. PH value of cecal contents was higher and the amount of fecal free-glucose tended to be lower in alkaline ionized water groups than the control group. Since there was no difference in fecal discharge itself, the amount of free-glucose discharged per day was at a low level. The amount of discharged free-glucose in feces is greater when intestinal fermentation is more intensive, which indicates that intestinal fermentation is more inhibited in alkaline ionized water groups than the control group. Ammonium concentration in cecal contents tends to drop down in alkaline ionized water groups (Fig. 1). This trend was most distinctive in case of fresh feces of one of alkaline ionized water groups with pH 10 (Fig.2) Alkaline ionized water uptake was found to be inhibitory against ammonium production. In order to study dynamics of amino acids in large intestines, we examined free amino acids in the cecal contents to find out that cysteine level is low in alkaline ionized water groups whereas isoleucine level is high in one of alkaline ionized water groups with pH 10, although no significant difference was identified for other amino acids.


1. "Verification of Alkaline Ionized Water" by Life Water Institute, Metamor Publishing Co., 1994, p.46

*2. "Official Pharmaceutical Guidelines of Japan, Vol. IT' by Japan Public Documents Association, Hirokawa PublIshin Co., 1996

*3. "Science and Technology of Functional Water" (part) by Takashi Hayakawa, Haruffito Tsuge, edited by Water Scienll cc Institute, 1999, pp.109-116

*4. 'Tasics and Effective Use of Alkaline Ionized Water" by Takashi Hayakawa, Haruhito Tsuge, edited by Tetsuji Hc kudou, 25th General Assembly of Japan Medical Congress 'Tunctional Water in Medical Treatment", Administratio~ Offices, 1999, pp. 10- 11

Effects of alkaline ionized water on formation & maintenance of osseous tissues

by Rei Takahashi Zhenhua Zhang Yoshinori Itokawa
(Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Dept. of Pathology and Tumor Biology, Fukui Prefectural University)

Effects of calcium alkaline ionized water on formation and maintenance of osseous tissues in rats were examined. In the absence of calcium in the diet, no apparent calcification was observed with only osteoid formation being prominent. Striking differences were found among groups that were given diets with 30% and 60% calcium. Rats raised by calcium ionized water showed the least osteogenetic disturbance. Tibiae and humeri are more susceptible to calcium deficiency than femora. Theses results may indicate that calcium in drinking water effectively supplements osteogenesis in case of dietary calcium deficiency. The mechanism involved in osteoid formation such as absorption rate of calcium from the intestine and effects of calcium alkaline ionized drinking water on maintaining bone structure in the process of aging or under the condition of calcium deficiency is investigated.

Osteoporosis that has lately drawn public attention is defined as "conditions of bone brittleness caused by reduction in the amount of bone frames and deterioration of osseous microstructure." Abnormal calcium metabolism has been considered to be one of the factors to contribute to this problem, which in turn is caused by insufficient calcium take in, reduction in enteral absorption rate of calcium and increase in the amount of calcium in urinal discharge. Under normal conditions, bones absorb old bones by regular metabolism through osteoid formation to maintain their strength and function as supporting structure. It is getting clear that remodeling of bones at the tissue level goes through the process of activation, resorption, reversal, matrix synthesis and mineralization. Another important function of bones is storing minerals especially by coordinating with intestines and kidneys to control calcium concentration in the blood. When something happens to this osteo metabolism, it results in abnormal morphological changes. Our analyses have been focusing mostly on the changes in the amount of bones to examine effects of calcium alkaline ionized water on the reaction system of osteo metabolism and its efficiency. Ibis time, however, we studied it further from the standpoint of histology. In other words, we conducted comparative studies on morphological and kinetic changes of osteogenesis by testing alkaline ionized water, tap water and solution of lactate on rats.

Three week old male Wistar rats were divided into 12 groups by conditions of feed and drinking water. Feeds were prepared with 0%, 30%, 60% and 100% of normal amount of calcium and were given freely. Three types of drinking water, tap water (city water, about 6ppm of Ca), calcium lactate solution (Ca=40ppm) and alkaline ionized water (Ca =40ppm, pH=9, produced by an electrolyzer NDX 4 LMC by Omco OMC Co., Ltd.) were also given keely. Rats' weight, amount of drinking water and feed as well as the content of Ca in drinking water were assayed every day. On the 19th and 25th days of testing, tetracycline hydrochloride was added to the feed for 48 hours so as to bring its concentration to 30mg/kg. On the 30th day, blood samples were taken under Nembutal anesthesia, and tibiae, humeri and femora were taken out to make non decalcified samples. Their conditions of osteoid formation and rotation were observed using Villanueva bone stain and Villanueva goldner stain.

Three groups that were given different types of drinking water and the same amount of Ca in the feed were compared to find out no significant difference in the rate of weight gain and intakes of feed and drinking water. Alkaline ionized water group had significantly greater amount of tibiae and humeri with higher concentration of calcium in the bones.

The group of 0% calcium in the feed saw drastic increase in the amount of osteoid. There was not much difference by types of drinking water. Almost no tetracycline was taken into tibiae and humeri, although a small amount was identified in ferora. As a result, osteogenesis went as far as osteoid formation, but it was likely that decalcification has not happened yet, or most of newly formed bones were absorbed.

As to the groups of 30% and 60% calcium in the feed, increase in the area of tetracycline take in was more identifiable with higher clarity in descending order of alkaline ionized water, calcium lactate solution and tap water groups. Especially in case of tap water group, irregularity among the areas of tetracycline take in was distinctive. The group of 100% calcium in the feed saw some improvements in osteogenesis in descending order of alkaline ionized water, calcium lactate solution and tap water. In any case, bone formation seemed to be in good condition at near normal level.

Alkaline ionized water was regarded to be effective for improvements of osteogenesis under the conditions of insufficient calcium in the feed. Also, the extent. of dysosteogenesis differed by the region. That is, tibiae and humeri tend to have more significant dysosteogenesis than femora.

In addition, there is a possibility that osteo metabolism varies depending on enteral absorption rate of calcium, adjustment of discharge from kidneys and functional adjustment of accessory thyroid in the presence of alkaline ionized water. We are now studying its impact on calcium concentration in the blood. We are also examining whether it is possible to deter bone deterioration by testing on fast aging mouse models.

What Is Reverse Osmosis (RO)

Two of the most cost effective ways to enjoy great tasting water in your home are with a bottled water cooler or with a home reverse osmosis (RO) system.

In simple terms, reverse osmosis is the process by which water molecules are forced through a semi-permeable membrane under pressure. Reverse osmosis systems provide filtered water everywhere, from homes and commercial applications like restaurants and hotels, to breweries and car washes, and even the space shuttle!

Household RO systems typically filter water using the following steps:

1. Raw tap water first flows through a sediment filter to remove dirt, rust and other solid objects.

2. The water then flows into a carbon filter that takes out 98% of the chlorine and organic chemicals.

3. The next stage is the reverse osmosis membrane which separates 70-99% of the dissolved contaminants from the water molecules. These removed impurities are rinsed down the drain producing the final product, “pure water”.

4. This water is stored in a reservoir tank typically located underneath the kitchen sink and is accessed with a separate faucet.

5. When you open the valve the water is filtered one last time with a carbon block “polishing filter” right before it reaches your glass.

Using a quality RO membrane as a strainer is typically much better than a faucet mounted filter alone. Under magnification the pores of a RO membrane are undetectable, while the pores of a pleated filter are easily seen. Reverse osmosis treatment generally removes a more diverse list of contaminants than other systems. RO can remove nitrates, sodium, and other dissolved inorganic and organic compounds.
How Much Water Should I drink each Day?

Water is critical in regulating all body organs and temperature, and dissolving solids and moving nutrients throughout the body. Because water is naturally low in sodium, has no fat, cholesterol or caffeine and isn't flushed straight through the body like many other beverages, it's the natural solution to help reach your body’s daily fluid quota.

How much water should you consume? Most adults need eight to twelve
8-ounce glasses of water or fluids daily, but needs vary by activity level, health circumstances (including pregnancy) and even by age. For example, a 60-pound child would need a minimum of at least 30 ounces of water a day, or about three to four glasses. But a 180-pound man would need about 90 ounces of water a day or about 11-12 glasses. And people may need more water as they age, since thirst signals may become dull, activity levels decline and prescription drugs may dehydrate their bodies further.
What Is Hard Water?
Hard water is probably the most common water problem found in the home. Hard water spots your glasses and dishes, makes laundry dull, and causes soap scum and scale to build-up making cleaning a chore. The most common hardness causing minerals are Calcium and Magnesium that is dissolved in a water supply.

According to the Water Quality Association, hard water is water that contains dissolved hardness minerals above 1 GPG (grains per gallon). Relative levels of hardness have been established:

Soft Water - less than 1 gpg

Slightly hard - 1 to 3.5 gpg

Moderately hard - 3.5 to 7 gpg

Hard - 7 to 10.5 gpg

Very Hard - 10.5 and higher gpg
What Is The Difference Between Filtering Water And Softening Water?
Filtering water involves separating mineral particles, like particulates, iron, hydrogen sulfide or other organic matter, from H2O. By passing water through a "filter bed," or "media bed," these granular particles are trapped - and clean water passes through the bed.

Softening water involves something called "ion exchange" to remove dissolved minerals - like calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese - that can't be trapped in a filter bed. Softeners use fresh resin beads with sodium attached to the resin. As water enters the tank, dissolved calcium and magnesium are attracted to the resin. The resin passes up the sodium in exchange for the dissolved chemicals and the water is then rid of these impurities.

Is a reverse osmosis unit like a distiller?

Both effectively reduce "dissolved solids" content of water, but the processes are quite different. RO filters water through a very tight semi-permeable membrane. A distiller is like a big teakettle: it boils water, catches the steam, condenses it, and captures the resulting water. Most impurities are left behind in the boiling chamber. Both distillers and reverse osmosis systems rely heavily on carbon filtration for chemical removal. (Cheap distillers often have little or no carbon filtration and are, therefore, of limited effectiveness.)
Is distilled water purer than reverse osmosis water?
Distillers typically remove a few parts per million more of common mineral constituents like sodium. However, distillers don't do a good job with volatile chemicals with a low boiling point. Chloramines, for example, which many cities now use instead of chlorine as a disinfectant, aren't removed well by distillers. Reverse osmosis, with the carbon filters that accompany it, does a very good job with chloramines. Unless volatile chemicals like chlorine are removed by carbon filtration before they enter the distiller, they will be released into the room air or they will end up in the distilled water. But in general, distilled water is very pure, as is reverse osmosis water.
Do reverse osmosis units waste a lot of water?
It depends on what you mean by waste. A home RO unit uses water to clean itself and wash away impurities. It's like a lot of other water-using appliances. We use water to wash clothes, to wash dishes, to wash cars, to flush toilets. A reverse osmosis unit uses more water in its operation than you actually consume, but it doesn't use enough that you'll notice it on your water bill. It uses water only while it's filling its storage tank. When the tank is full, the whole unit shuts down and no water runs to drain. It is typically like two or three extra toilet flushes a day.
What is the annual maintenance costs?
Only the prefilters and post filters need to be replaced at least on an annual basis to ensure proper performance. Ultimately the quality of the water and the amount of use will determine the frequency of filter changes. Depending on the point-of-use RO model, the annual cost is less then $0.30 per day. The reverse osmosis membrane itself will normally last between two and five years.
What Is The Importance Of Water Pressure To An R.O. System?
It is the pressure of water that forces the water through the membrane for purification and flushes the rejected solids away. Low water pressure will result in reduced production and premature fouling of the membrane. The ideal pressure for operating an R.O. system is 60 PSI. Pressure below 40 PSI is generally considered insufficient, and should be boosted using a pressure booster pump.
Can I hook the reverse osmosis unit to my refrigerator/icemaker?
Yes, if you can reach it with a 1/4" tube from the under sink RO unit. Pressure is a consideration with some refrigerators, so it's a good idea to check with the manufacturer. The pressure you'll get from the RO unit is about 2/3 of the incoming line pressure.
How long will a reverse osmosis unit last?
Virtually forever if you service it regularly and replace parts that wear out, like the storage tank and the faucet. Typical membrane life is about 2 to 5 years, depending on the nature of the water that it's processing.
Do reverse osmosis units remove minerals that are essential to health?
It's true that RO units remove minerals about 95% of the mineral content anyway, but he isn't really telling you the whole story. The mineral issue is probably the most controversial question in drinking water purification. Experts on both sides of the issue speak convincingly. Our own view, after reading much of the expert opinion, is that the mineral content of water either high or low�isn't nearly as important as they would have you believe. That is, minerals in water are inorganic and hard for your body to use. You get most of your minerals from food, which provides organic, easily assimilated minerals. The human body is a sophisticated instrument capable of adapting to a wide range of circumstances and capable of thriving in areas having water of high or low mineral content. As long as water is palatable, it's within the body's acceptable range. The main issue with water is chemicals, not minerals. Whether water contains 30 or 3 parts per million calcium isn't really significant, but the difference between 0.5 and 5 parts per million chloroform is of life or death importance.
Do reverse osmosis units need electricity?
No, they run on water pressure. You need electricity only if you add an electric pressure-boost pump or an ultraviolet lamp. Standard units have neither and normally don't need them.
Why are reverse osmosis units so popular?
Because they produce great-tasting, very pure water at a very reasonable cost (compared to buying bottled water) and in a trouble-free, fully automatic format. And the most frequent comment we get is: "I didn't think my water could taste this good, we drink so much more water than we used to."
Will A Water Softener Harm The Reverse Osmosis (R.O.)?
No. Calcium and magnesium (limescale) are two of the hardest minerals for the R.O. membrane to remove. Sodium (added to the water by the softener) is much easier on the membrane and it will reject 98% of all sodium in the water. A water softener will help extend the life of the membrane.
What Size UV System Do I Need?
Sizing a UV system for residential use is relatively simple and can
be based on the number of people in the household and general water
use patterns.
Households with up to 3 people should select the UV-250 System with
pre-filters to ensure clean and safe water throughout the entire home
at up to 5GPM. The UV-250 comes with 3/4 inch (19mm) in/our ports.
Households of up to 6 people should select the UV-700 System with prefilters
to supply the additional volume required based on the number of people
in the home. This unit is rated at 8 GPM. The UV-700 comes with 3/4 inch (19mm) in/out ports.
Larger homes and families, or families with a number of teenagers may
wish to select the UV-1200 or UV-1500 System with prefilters to
provide the greater capacity required in these circumstances.
These units come with 1" in/out ports and are rated at 12 GPM
an 15 GPM respectively.
Sizing for a commercial and industrial UV system is typically based
strictly around flow rate. A common practise is to oversize the UV in
order to provide an extra layer of protection against contamination.
For example, in an application with a flow rate of 18 - 22 GPM a UV
system rated at 30 GPM would typically be specified. Oversizing is
used to provide and additional UV dose to the water system and to
achieve additional log-reductions for specific pathogens. Contact us
for help in sizing your UV application.



All tap water has chlorine in it, and most tap water has  fluoride in it, fluoride is one of the most toxic chemicals in the theworld.

It is a product that comes from the manufacture of super phosphic fertilizers, and is so toxic it cannot be dumped anywhere.

Fluoride is toxic and dangerous, and should not be consumed. Fluoride adversely affects virtually every organ in the body, primarily your thyroid gland.

It can be seen that the areas in America that have the most fluoride in the water have the highest rate of obesity rates because people's metabolism go's down.

Fluoride makes you depressed and causes all types of physical problems.

Chlorine kills bacteria and living organism.

We too are living organisms. Chlorine is a poison, and it is put into the water to kill living organisms.

When we drink it, we're drinking poison.

Yes, we are taking it in small amounts, but it is still a highly poisonous chemical and should not be consumed.

Chlorine in the water that you drink causes massive scarring of the arteries, which in turn means, no matter how much cholesterol you have or don't have, whatever cholesterol is there will attach itself and begin the clogging process and restricts the blood flow.

America: Overdosed on Flouride

Tap water is absolutely the worst kind of water in the world because virtuallyall tap water is contaminated .
"...fluoride (that is added to municipal water) is a hazardous waste product...for which there is substantial evidence of adverse health effects and, contrary to public perception, virtually no evidence of significant benefits," says Dr. William Hirzy, Vice President, Chapter 280 of the National Treasury Employees Union, EPA headquarters in Washington, D.C.

At least 22% of all American children nowhave dental fluorosis as a result of ingesting too much fluoride, according to The Centers for Disease Control.
That rate may be 69% in children from high socioeconomic-status families and those who live in fluoridated communities, according to a July 1998 report from The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and corroborated in several reports published since 1995 in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA-see below). Fluorosis is the discoloration
and, in advanced cases, the pitting of teeth. Bleaching is not effective. 

The more serious health  concern is that dental fluorosis is not the only harmful health effect that results from overexposure to fluoride . Fluoride has been linked in government and scientific reports to a wide range of harmful health effects, including: bone and tooth decay (including dental and skeletal fluorosis, bone pathology, arthritis, and osteoporosis) Alzheimer's, memory loss and other neurological impairment, kidney damage, cancer, genetic damage, and gastrointestinal problems.

In addition, fluoride has been found to leach lead from old water pipes and soldering material, which has resulted in increased lead levels in people.

Americans, even in unfluoridated communities, are suffering serious harmful health effects from overexposure to fluoride due to its widespread and uncontrolled use.  Fluoride can be found in any food or beverage made with fluoridated municipal water. Less than 2% of Western Europe drink fluoridated water compared to over 60% of the United Statespopulation. 

Federal and state public health agencies and large dental and medical organizations, such as the American Dental Association, continue to promote fluoride despite growing evidence that it is harmful to public health and the environment.  This is also despite EPA’s own scientists, whose union, Chapter 280 of the National Treasury Employees Union, has taken a strong stand against fluoride.

Fluoride is not an essential nutrient. It has never received "FDA Approval" (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). It is listed as an "unapproved new drug" by the FDA, and as a "contaminant" by the EPA. Although calcium fluoride can occur naturally, the type of fluoride (sodium) added to municipal water is a hazardous waste product of the aluminum industry, phosphate fertilizer industry, and other industries.

There is no margin of safety for fluoride exposure. In the 1940’s, when fluoridation began, the "optimal" level of exposure for dental benefit was determined to be 1 milligram/day for an adult male. Even at that level, 10% of the population were expected to contract dental fluorosis. It was estimated that adult males drank 1 liter of water per day. At that time, other sources of fluoride were scarce.



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